Federal law mandating athletic insurance

In the United States, redlining is the practice of denying services, either directly or through selectively raising prices, to residents of certain areas based on the racial or ethnic composition of those areas.

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top Title IX compliance is assessed through a total program comparison.

Anyone may file an OCR complaint, and the identity of the party who files the complaint will be kept confidential.

The broad comparative provision was intended to emphasize that Title IX does not require the creation of mirror image programs.

In other words, the entire men's program is compared to the entire women's program, not just one men's team to the women's team in the same sport.

Thus, broad variations in the type and number of sports opportunities offered to each gender are permitted. The only provision that requires that the same dollars be spent proportional to participation is scholarships.

Males and females can participate in different sports according to their respective interests and abilities. A male football player needs protective equipment such as pads and a helmet, and a female soccer player needs shin guards. Otherwise, male and female student-athletes must receive equitable "treatment" and "benefits." top The Javits Amendment stated that legitimate and justifiable discrepancies for nongender related differences in sports could be taken into account (i.e., the differing costs of equipment or event management expenditures).In the 1960s, a sociologist named John Mc Knight coined the term "redlining" to describe the discriminatory practice of fencing off areas where banks would avoid investments based on community demographics.During the heyday of redlining, the areas most frequently discriminated against were black inner city neighborhoods.Antitrust lawsuits could force major (and much-needed) change in commercialized college sports -- but some of the results would be bad for athletes, write Matt Mitten and Steve Ross. Yesterday, a federal judge heard opening arguments in one of several antitrust lawsuits challenging National Collegiate Athletic Association rules restricting the compensation intercollegiate athletes may receive for their sports participation.

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